SPINAL CORD INJURY
The spinal cord is a row of nerve tissue that runs from the base of the skull to the lower back; and it is covered by thin layers of tissue that function as protection called meninges. In addition, the whole of the spinal cord and the meninges are surrounded by the vertebrae that make up the spinal column.
Spinal cord injury occurs when there is damage to the spinal cord due to trauma and / or pathology or degeneration. These injuries can be complete, that is, they affect all the cords of the spinal cord, or incomplete, which is when there is a partial injury to the spinal cord.
Physiotherapy can offer various benefits as long as the type of injury, the various existing conventional therapies and robotic therapy with the gait exoskeleton available in the clinic are taken into account:
Prevention of complications due to hypomobility such as ulcers, maintenance of mobility ranges, greater motor recruitment of preserved muscles, maintenance and / or improvement of cardiorespiratory capacities, reduction of the risk of suffering from osteoporosis, improvement of body alignment and increased quality of life among others.
Improved physical condition, increased mobility both in quantity and quality, balance and coordination training, reduction of spasticity, prevention against the risk of suffering from osteoporosis, achieving a possible gait pattern either independently or with some type of technical assistance, reduction of spasticity, increased quality of life, etc.